In December of 1964, elementary school students in Seoul took junior high school entrance examinations. Question 18 in the Science section asked, "What can replace malt when making rice taffy?" Choices included 'diastase' and 'radish juice,' the correct answer being 'diastase.' However, 39 parents of those studnets who chose 'radish juice' filed a lawsuit, presenting rice taffies that were made with radish juice as a piece of evidence. The Supreme Court accepted 'radish juice' as a correct answer and the students who passed the examination by earning the extra point were able to enter their desired schools in May of 1965.
What exactly is 'rice taffy'? Is it ddeok? [Edit: It's yeot.] Anyways, you've got to love the never give up, ignore the boundaries put in your way, bullying spirit of those parents. As Arnie Pie put it once on the Simpsons, 'It's a silent testament to the never-give-up and never-think-things-out spirit of our citizens'. I'd love to have been present for those supreme court proceedings. I wonder if transcripts still exist.
What I find notable is that not only was there once a high school entrance exam for middle school students (which was done away with in the 1990s, if I remember correctly) , but there was once a test for elementary school students entering middle school! While the system now might seem less harsh seeing as those two exams are now done away with (for the most part), I have to wonder if the 'SKY university as a gateway to your entire future' system was as entrenched at that time. To be sure, the incident described above goes to show how important education and testing is and has been in Korea.